"Traditionally, Ukraine's export capabilities on basic agricultural machinery are much lower than imports. However, in 2019, foreign deliveries declined sharply - by 9.4% - and amounted to only $37.6 million," the institute's press service quoted Zakharchuk as saying.
According to him, exports of agricultural tractors saw the largest decline in 2019 – by almost 2.5 times. Last year, they totaled only $3.3 million compared to $7.4 million in 2018.
The main importer of this type of domestic agricultural machinery was Belarus. It purchased $1.1 million worth of tractors in Ukraine, or 33.3% of total sales. In second place was Romania, which paid $0.9 million for Ukrainian tractors (27.3%). Significantly smaller shares in imports of tractors were recorded by Moldova ($0.5 million, 15.2%), Cuba ($0.4 million, 12.1%), and Israel ($0.2 million, 6%).
According to the scientist, domestic manufacturers of agricultural machinery received the largest revenue - $10.3 million – from exports of seed drills. However, this figure decreased by 30% compared to 2018. The largest number of seed drills - 36.9% - was purchased by Belarus, which paid $3.8 million for this type of agricultural machinery. Kazakhstan imported seed drills for $2.7 million (26.2%), Moldova for $1.3 million (12.6%), Bulgaria for $1.1 million (10.7%), and Poland for $0.7 million (6.8%).
Foreign deliveries of mowers in 2019 decreased by 9.9% compared to 2018, to $6.4 million. Russia bought the lion's share of mowers and paid $4.2 million for them (65.6%). Kazakhstan purchased this type of agricultural machinery for $0.8 million (12.5%), Moldova for $0.5 million (7.8%), and Argentina, which purchased Ukrainian agricultural machinery for the first time, for $0.3 million (4.7%).
Disc harrows brought $2.8 million in total to domestic exporters last year. They were exported mainly to Moldova ($0.8 million, 28.6%), Bulgaria ($0.6 million, 21.4%), and Lithuania ($0.3 million, 10.7%), Zakharchuk said.
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